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  Identification of Horse Exploitation by Clovis Hunters Based on Protein Analysis Minimize

Brian Kooyman, Margaret E. Newman, Christine Cluney, Murray Lobb, Shayne Tolman, Paul McNeil, and L. H. Hills

Abstract


Positive results were obtained from protein residue analysis on three Clovis points from Wally's Beach, southwestern Alberta. Two tested positive for Equus, the third for a bovid, probably Bison or Bootherium. All genera are present in the site remains. This finding clearly demonstrates use of Equus by Clovis hunters. Four 14C dates indicate that the site was in use between 11,000 and 11,300 B.P.

Resumen

Se han obtenido resultados positivos de un residuo proteico realizado en tres localidades Clovis en Wally's Beach, sudoeste Alberta. Dos en ellas dieron positivo para Equus, mientras que la tercera di positivo para un b vido, probablemente Bison o Bootherium los cuales están presentes en el sitio. Este hallazgo claramente demuestra el uso Equus por los cazadores Clovis. Las cuatros dataciones de 14C realizadas indican que el yacimiento se formó hace entre 11,000y 11,300 años A.C.

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