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  The Evolution of a Caddo Community in Northeastern Texas: The Oak Hill Village Site (41rk214), Rusk County, Texas Minimize

Timothy K. Perttula and Robert Rogers

Abstract


The Oak Hill Village (41RK214) in northeastern Texas is a prehistoric (ca. A.D. 1150--1450) Caddo settlement that was completely excavated in the mid--1990s prior to lignite mining activities. Analysis of the architectural remains, key calibrated radiocarbon dates, and changes in ceramic decorations, indicates that the village evolved as three temporally and spatially different communities composed of a number of separate households. Emerging in the latter two communities were important social institutions (a plaza, an earthen mound, and specialized structures with extended entranceways) that bound this singular Caddo community together for approximately 150--200 years (ca. A.D. 1250--1450).

Resumen


El OakHGill (41EK214) in el noreste de Texas es un pueblo prehistorico (ca. A.D. 1150--1450) de los Cados. Este pueblo fue vompletamente excavado en los medios de 1990s antes de mineria de lignito. Los analyisis de los restos arquitedctonicos, el fechado radiocarnocio calibrado specificamente, y cambios en ceramicas decoradas, indican que el pueblo ecoluciono en tres epocas de tiempo y espacio par formar diferentes comunidades que constitcian deccarias casas separadas.Energiendo des las dos ultimas commundiades fueron instituciones sociales de importancia (la plaza, un monton de tierra, y estructuras especializadas con entradas extendidas) que unieron esta comunidad Cado por cerca de 150--200 anos (ca. A.D. 1250--1450).

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