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NEWS AND NOTES

The Ohio Academy of Science has published "Science on a Deep-Ocean Shipwreck," a 224-page, color-illustrated article in The Ohio Journal of Science. The article describes a five-year scientific investigation of the site of the S.S. Central America, a 19th-century steamship carrying passengers and California gold en route from Panama to New York City. The ship sank in the heavy seas of a 1857 hurricane off the coast of North Carolina. The studies were conducted and reviewed by 130 researchers associated with the Adjunct Scientists Program of the Columbus-America Discovery Group. The research reported in the article is significant for deep-ocean work because it spans a five-year period (1987-1991) at a single site. The article was developed and written by Charles E. Herdendorf (Ohio State University) in cooperation with Thomas B. Thompson and Robert D. Evans (Columbus-America Discovery Group). Activities in the disciplines of oceanography, marine geology, marine biology, materials science, and undersea archaeology were undertaken with the teledirected submersible robot, NEMO. The study included field observations at the site recorded by videotape and still photographs, examination of hundreds of deep-ocean specimens and artifacts, and analysis of several experiments deployed on the sea floor. This project demonstrated that a holistic approach to a deep-ocean site of historic importance can help researchers understand the interrelated processes that affect cultural artifacts on the abyssal sea floor and the marine life that they foster. Copies of the article are available from the Ohio Academy of Science, 1500 W. Third Ave., Suite 223, Columbus, OH 43212-2817, (614) 488-2228, email oas@iwaynet.net.

Under the auspices of the Archaeological Geology Division of the Geological Society of America, family, friends, and close associates of Claude C. Albritton, Jr., have formed a memorial fund in his honor. The Albritton Fund provides scholarships and fellowships for graduate students in the earth sciences and archaeology. Recipients of these awards are students who have 1) an interest in achieving the M.S. or Ph.D. degree in earth sciences or archaeology; 2) an interest in applying earth science methods to archaeological research; and 3) an interest in a career in teaching and academic research. Awards in the amount of $500 will be given in support of thesis or dissertation research, with emphasis on the field and/or laboratory parts of this research. Those desiring further information about these scholarships should contact Reid Ferring, Institute for Applied Sciences, P. O. Box 13078, University of North Texas, Denton, TX 76203, (817) 565-2993.

The Grupo de Zooarqueología de Camélidos announces its new publication Zooarqueología de Camélidos, which is directed toward the multidisciplinary investigation of the history and evolution of wild and domesticated camelids from both archaeological and anthropological perspectives. The articles published in this first volume are in Spanish and English and represent some of the presentations made at the workshop "Theoretical and Methodological Perspectives for the Archaeological Study of Camelids in the Andes" held at the Instituto Interdisciplinario de Tilcara in Jujuy, Argentina, April 1994. The remaining presentations will be published in the next volume. Copies of the journal can be obtained from Mark Aldenderfer (805) 893-8604, fax (805) 893-8707, email aldender@sscf.ucsb.edu.

The North Carolina Archaeological Council has recently published the Mountain Potters of Buncombe County, North Carolina: An Archaeological and Historical Study by Linda F. Carnes-McNaughton. North Carolina Archaeological Council Publication No. 26. This report summarizes archaeological and historical surveys of 10 traditional pottery manufacturing sites, of which eight were selected for archaeological investigation. Subsurface remains of kilns were documented at three of the sites. Over 11,000 artifacts were recovered and analyzed, providing insights into a century of pottery manufacturing activities, beginning in the mid-1800s. Copies of the report can be ordered from N. C. Archaeological Council Publications, c/o Loretta Lautzenheiser, Secretary/Treasurer, 310 Baker St. Tarboro, NC 27886.

Bruce D. Smith of the Smithsonian Institution received the James Henry Breasted Prize for 1995 from the American Historical Association at its Annual Meeting in Atlanta. Named for the pioneer in ancient Egyptian and Near Eastern history and president of the AHA in 1928, the Breasted Prize is awarded annually for the best book on any field of history before the year A.D. 1000. Smith's book Rivers of Change: Essays on Early Agriculture in Eastern North America (1992, Smithsonian Institution Press) was cited by the selection committee as firmly establishing eastern North America as a sixth independent center of plant domestication and agricultural origins and as a landmark contribution that significantly alters the contours of world history and the place of North America within it. The prize, which has gone to scholars from Harvard, Princeton, Berkeley, Cambridge, and Occidental College in recent years, carries a cash award of $1,000. Smith is a senior research scientist and Director of the Archaeobiology Program in the Department of Anthropology at the National Museum of Natural History, and is a past president of SAA.

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Daniel Goodwin, acting director of the Smithsonian Institution Press, and Bruce Smith, director of achaeology, National Museum of Natural History.

The Archaeological Geology Division of the Geological Society of America (GSA) announces a $500 travel grant for a student to attend the annual meeting of GSA in Denver, October 28-31, 1996. The grant is competitive and will be awarded based on the evaluation of an abstract and 1,500-2,000-word summary paper prepared by a student for presentation in the division's technical session at the meeting. The summary paper may include one figure and must be by a single author. The awards committee must receive the abstract and summary paper by June 24, 1996. These items should be sent to Michael R. Waters, Award Committee Chair, Department of Anthropology, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, (409) 845-5246.

The Archaeological Institute of America is pleased to announce some of the 1995 awards presented at the 97th Annual Meeting in San Diego. Andrew Wallace-Hadrill of the British School at Rome was presented the 7th annual James R. Wiseman Book Award for his text Houses and Society in Pompeii and Herculaneum. R. Ross Holloway of Brown University was presented with the 31st annual Gold Medal Award for Distinguished Archaeological Achievement. Norman Herz of the University of Georgia was presented the 15th annual Pomerance Award for Scientific Contributions to Archaeology.

The Foundation for the Advancement of Mesoamerican Studies, was formed in 1993 to foster increased understanding of ancient Mesoamerican cultures. The foundation aims to assist and promote scholars who might otherwise be unable to complete their programs of research and synthesis by hosting an annual grant competition. The foundation grants are awarded to the most well-qualified scholar, regardless of degree level. However, preference is for nonacademic professionals, recent graduates, and degree candidates who are currently involved in fully developed programs of study and/or research. Other qualifications being equal, preference is given to candidates who have not had extensive prior opportunity for grant-support research of ancient Mesoamerican cultures, and to candidates whose projects have the most likelihood of achieving new understandings and/or wide institutional and geographic interest. The new application deadline is September 30, 1996. Please send inquiries to Foundation for the Advancement of Mesoamerican Studies, 268 S. Suncoast Blvd., Crystal River, FL 34429, fax (352) 795-1970, email famsifl@aol.com.

The Russian Archaeological Society (RAS) welcomes the registration of international members. The society was formed to financially support archaeological excavations and explorations, and to provide for the protection of archaeological sites. It was originally organized in 1846, with local chapters appearing in various Russian towns. They served as a forum for the publication of research results and articles until 1917, at which time all were cancelled. The restoration of the RAS began about 25 years ago by scholars whose aim was to assist archaeologists who were working on problems neglected by the government. Conferences on the origin of man and the role of cosmos in the evolution of living organisms were held in 1974, and numerous lectures on these topics were organized between 1980 and 1985. The Cradle of History and Antiquities are two series published by the society. In 1991 the RAS was acknowledged and registered by the government. International members will receive personal and professional hospitality when in Russia, ample consultation on archaeological matters, and RAS publications. The RAS also welcomes submissions for publication, to be sent to Editor, Lengory, MGU, Bldg. L, a.11, Moscow, 117234, Russia.

The 1995 Awards Committees of the American Society for Ethnohistory are pleased to announce the recipients of the society's Erminie Wheeler-Voegelin and Robert F. Heizer awards. For the best book-length work in ethnohistory, the Erminie Wheeler-Veogelin Prize was awarded to Frank James Tester (University of British Columbia) and Peter Kulchyski (Trent University), for their book, Tammarniit (Mistakes): Inuit Relocation in the Eastern Arctic, 1939-1963, published by the University of British Columbia Press, Vancouver, in 1994. For the best article in the field of ethnohistory, the Robert F. Heizer Prize was awarded to Julie Cruikshank (University of British Columbia) for her 1994 article, "Claiming Legitimacy: Prophecy Narratives from Northern Aboriginal Women" published in American Indian Quarterly 18:147-167.

The American Society for Ethnohistory is calling for papers for the 1996 Annual Meeting, to be held in Portland, Ore., November 7-10, 1996. Papers, organized sessions, special events, and speakers that treat any world area are encouraged. Abstracts of 50-100 words on appropriate submission forms and preregistration fees of $45 (non-members), $35 (members) $15 (students/retired) are due by May 31, 1995. Write for submission forms and return to Jacqueline Peterson, ASE 1996 Meeting Chair, Department of History, Washington State University, 1812 E. McLoughlin Blvd., Vancouver, WA 98663, (360) 737-2179. Limited travel funds will be available on a competitive basis for students presenting papers. More detailed abstracts will be required.

The Hermitage will host its eighth year of internships in historical archaeology during the summer of 1996. Interested students may apply for either five-week or two-week sessions. Fieldwork in 1996 will continue investigations of Hermitage dwelling sites occupied by African American slaves. Interns will participate in all phases of field excavation and laboratory processing of finds. The five-week sessions are intended for students with some field training in archaeology who are looking for more experience in a research-oriented setting. The program provides room, board, and a $1,000 stipend. The two-week sessions are intended for students who are interested in gaining exposure to the archaeological study of the recent past in such fields as history, African American studies, American studies, folklore, and geography. No archaeological experience is necessary. They will receive room, board, and a $400 stipend. Sessions run June through mid-August. The program is designed for advanced undergraduate and graduate students. Application is by letter, which should include a summary of education and research experience and a statement detailing your specific interest in the program. Be sure to indicate if you are applying for the two- or five-week internship. Applicants must have a letter of recommendation sent under separate cover. If you would like to be notified once your application is complete, please enclose a self-addressed, stamped postcard. Letters and inquiries should be sent to Larry McKee, The Hermitage, 4580 Rachel's Lane, Hermitage, TN 37076. All application materials must be received by April 10, and selection decisions will be made by May 1.

The 4th Gender and Archaeology Conference will be held at Michigan State University, October 18 and 19, 1996. This year the conference will focus on recent research among anthropological archaeologists and also classical archaeologists, particularly regarding issues that would be of mutual interest. Papers dealing with theoretical aspects and/or case studies of a topic related to gender in any region or time period are invited. Studies dealing with non-state societies are also welcome. Deadline for abstracts is July 1, 1996. Authors will be notified of acceptance by August. Conference proceedings will be edited for publication. For additional information, or to discuss potential topics, please contact Alison Rautman, Department of Anthropology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, (517) 351-4913, email rauk@pilot.msu.edu.

The 3rd Biennial Rocky Mountain Anthropological Conference will be held September 18-21, 1997, in Bozeman, Montana. Interested individuals are encouraged to organize forums as a possible alternative to symposia, to enable thoughtful, focused, and more open discussion of carefully delineated themes/topics. Please contact the conference organizers for information about organizing a forum. The organizers of the conference encourage participation of individual researchers from all areas of anthropological study pertaining to the Rocky Mountains. Researchers in related fields addressing issues of past environmental conditions are also welcome. Deadline for symposium or forum proposals is March 15, 1997. Other deadlines and information will be announced in future communications. For additional information, please contact Ken Cannon, NPS, Midwest Archaeological Center, Federal Bldg., Room 474, 100 Centennial Mall N., Lincoln, NE 68508-3873, (402) 437-5392 ext. 139, fax (402) 437-5098, email ken_cannon@nps.gov, or Jack Fisher, Department of Sociology, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717-0238, (406) 994-6879, email isijf@msu.oscs.montana.edu.

The Southeastern Archaeological Conference announces a program of small grants to finance public outreach projects and invites applications for 1996. Projects proposed should promote public awareness of archaeology in the Southeast. Most grants will be for activities held in conjunction with the SEAC annual meeting. Grants for teacher workshops, public symposia, field trips for the public to archaeological sites, printed material for public consumption, or Native American outreach programs are encouraged. Grants cannot be used for receptions, food, or entertainment, and will not exceed a total of $1,000. Proposals should consist of a short (3-page maximum) statement of purpose, a list of potential supplementary funding sources, and a budget specifying the proposed expenditures. Three copies of the proposal must be submitted. Grants will be reviewed by a three-member standing SEAC committee, and approved by the SEAC Board. Successful applicants should acknowledge SEAC in any printed material they produce through the grant and in announcements at any public meetings associated with grant-funded activities. Submission deadline is June 1, 1996, to Dick Jefferies, Department of Anthropology, 211 Lafferty Hall, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506, fax (606) 323-1959. Awards notification will be done by August 1, 1996.


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