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NEWS AND NOTES


The Arkansas Archeological Survey, University of Arkansas Field School, will be held at the Parkin site in northeast Arkansas from June 30 to August 8, 1998. The Parkin site is a 17-acre fortified Mississippian and Protohistoric village within Parkin Archeological State Park, with laboratory and curation facilities immediately adjacent to the site. Archaeological and ethnohistoric evidence suggests that Parkin is the town of Casqui visited by the Hernando de Soto expedition in June 1541. Previous excavations have revealed that the site was continuously occupied for 500 years. The 1998 excavations will investigate an aboriginal borrow pit in the village and will continue work in an area where 16th-century structures are located. Students will learn basic excavation techniques, transit use, mapping, record keeping, laboratory methods, and flotation. Method and theory and local prehistory will also be addressed. Students will earn six semester hours (either undergraduate or graduate) in ANTH 4256: Archeological Field Session. The normal out-of-state tuition surcharge is waived for non-University of Arkansas students; however, there will be an additional $15 application fee ($25 for graduate students). Tuition and fees are $504 (undergraduate) and $846 (graduate). Students will also be required to pay $63.38 to cover on-site housing. A cook will be hired, but students will be responsible for food costs. Deadline for receipt of applications is May 31, 1998. Enrollment is limited to 24 students. For further information and applications, contact Jeffrey M. Mitchem, Arkansas Archeological Survey, Parkin Archeological State Park, P.O. Box 241, Parkin, AR 72373-0241, (870) 755-2119, email jeffmitchem@juno.com.

Archaeologists and paleoclimatologists will meet at the FERCO International Conference on Climate and Culture at 3000 B.C. in October 1998 at the University of Maine, Orono, to assess current knowledge of worldwide culture and climate at and around 3000 B.C (see Calendar). In the Pacific Basin, the tropical ocean was warmer just before then, but shortly thereafter El Niño apparently (re)started after a long hiatus, changing the prevailing stable conditions to an irregular cycle that periodically throws climate into chaos. As a result, environmental conditions became much less predictable from year to year, with "anomalous" droughts in Australia, floods in Peru, and other effects of El Niño-induced climate variability occurring more frequently. In the northern hemisphere, the warmer temperatures of the preceding 3000 years cooled, and new evidence suggests that the southern hemisphere experienced a similar temperature change. Desertification increased in Mesopotamia and northern Africa. In Peru, coastal cultures turned from nomadic fishing, hunting, and gathering to living in bigger, permanent settlements and building large platforms--the precursors to the great adobe pyramids at Moche, Tucume, among others in western South America. Major changes occurred in all the great civilizations of the ancient Middle East, and pyramid building in Egypt also began around this time. The Maya calendar has a zero date of 3113 B.C., only a few years from two of the zero years in Hindu calendars--and within the period of global environmental transformation centered at 3000 B.C. What drove the changes in climate? How extensive and how intensive were they? In each region, how closely in time are the cultural and climatic changes linked? What role--if any--did the climate play in prompting prehistoric people to change their behavior and thus the course of human history? These are among the issues that will be discussed at the conference and later published in a book by conference participants. For information, please contact Dan Sandweiss, Anthropology Department, S. Stevens Hall, University of Maine, Orono, ME 04469-5773, (207) 581-1889, email dan_sandweiss@umit.maine.edu, www www.ferco.org/ferco_el_nino.html.

The blockade-runner Denbigh, one of the most successful and famous of the American Civil War, was located and recorded near Galveston, Texas, in mid-December 1997. Built by the Laird, Sons & Co. shipyards in Birkenhead, she was lost on the night of May 23, 1865, while attempting to enter port. The iron hulled, sidewheel steamship was 182 feet long and 162 tons.The site was identified during a reconnaissance by the Institute of Nautical Archaeology (INA), Texas A&M University, under the leadership of Barto Arnold, director of Texas Operations at INA. A major underwater archaeology project to investigate the Denbigh is planned over the next several years as a new INA initiative to conduct shipwreck research in Texas and adjoining areas, thus providing nautical archaeology students with opportunities to conduct field research close to INA's headquarters at College Station. Heretofore, INA's projects have been conducted in exotic, faraway places like the Mediterranean Sea. INA expects this to be a very interesting project that will produce many benefits for Texas heritage, education, and tourism. Funds for the project are being raised entirely from the private sector. Visit the Denbigh project web site at nautarch.tamu.edu/PROJECTS/denbigh/denbigh.html.

The Foundation for the Advancement of Mesoamerican Studies (FAMSI) is pleased to have funded the following SAA members for research in 1997-1998: in Belize--Juan L. Bonor, Arlen Chase and Diane Chase, and Brett Houk; El Salvador--Andrea Stone; Guatemala--Kazuo Aoyama, James Brady, Arthur Demarest, Lawrence Feldman, Charles Hofling, Stephen D. Houston, and Takeshi Inomata; Honduras--Robert J. Sharer; and Mexico--Thomas Charlton, Rafael Cobos, George Cowgill, Charles Golden, Ben A. Nelson, Robert L. Rands, Jay Silverstein, Michael Smyth, George Stuart, and Saburo Sugiyama. Additional information about these projects is available on the FAMSI web site at www.famsi.org, or write to FAMSI, 268 S. Suncoast Blvd., Crystal River, FL 34429, or fax (352) 795-1970.

When Alfred L. Kroeber returned from a Field Museum expedition to Peru in 1926, he began a field report documenting the tremendous material culture of the Nazca civilization. Little did he know the manuscript would embark on a decades-long adventure of its own before publication. The pages of The Archaeology and Pottery of Nazca, Peru: Alfred L. Kroeber's 1926 Expedition by Alfred L. Kroeber and Donald Collier, edited by Patrick H. Carmichael, with an afterword by Katharina J. Schreiber, contain what is still the only complete analysis and seriation of the beautiful painted pottery of Nazca; a rare discussion of Nazca architecture; descriptions of cloth, hair bundles and other artifact groups; accurate analysis of Nazca human remains; one of the earliest descriptions and photographs of the famous Nazca lines; and a narrative of the expedition that provides a window onto the inner workings of archaeology during the formative years of anthropology as an academic discipline. Finally, the book has emerged in stunning form from AltaMira Press. Kroeber's ceramic seriation is accompanied by over 400 photographs, Schreiber puts Kroeber's work in the context of contemporary Nazca studies, including a reassessment of the sites discovered in the 1926 expedition. The book is an important information source on South American prehistory as well as a historic last work of one of the giants of anthropology.

The Curtiss T. and Mary G. Brennan Foundation announces two pilot programs of grants to support archaeological field research in the development of early civilizations of Andean South American and of the Mediterranean world. Those areas of the Mediterranean world that qualify include ancient Egypt and the Near East, and Bronze Age Greece, the Aegean, and the Levant. Funds are available to a maximum of $5,000 to support research designed to establish the significance of proposed projects and the feasibility of carrying them to completion or to fund ancillary portions of ongoing projects important to an understanding of the project as a whole. Application must be made by the sponsoring institution through the principal investigator. Individuals are not eligible, and dissertation research does not qualify. Application may be made throughout the calendar year, with a deadline of October 15. For guidelines and application materials, contact the Curtiss T. and Mary G. Brennan Foundation, 535 Cordova Rd., Suite 426, Santa Fe, NM 87501, fax (505) 983-5120, email brenfdn@compuserve.com.

The 1997 Awards Committees of the American Society for Ethnohistory are pleased to announce the recipients of the society's Erminie Wheeler-Voegelin and Robert F. Heizer awards. For the best book-length work in ethnohistory, the Erminie Wheeler-Voegelin Prize was awarded to Kathleen J. Bragdon (College of William and Mary) for her 1996 book Native People of Southern New England, 1500-1650, published by the University of Okalahoma Press, Norman. For the best article in the field of ethnohistory, the Robert F. Heizer Prize was awarded to Tamara Giles-Vernick (University of Virginia) for her article "Na lege ti guiriri (On the Road of History): Mapping out the Past and Present in M'Bres Region, Central African Republic," published in 1996 in Ethnohistory 43(2):245-275.

SAGE Publications is pleased to announce the publication of a new, major academic journal, published three times a year, in April, August, and December, in association with the European Association of Archaeologists. The European Journal of Archaeology seeks to promote open debate among archaeologists committed to Europe where more communication across national frontiers and greater interest in interpretation are encouraged. Edited by John Chapman (University of Durham, United Kingdom), the journal will include new empirical data and new interpretations of the past, and will encourage debate about the role of archaeology in society, how it should be organized in a changing Europe, and the ethics of archaeological practice. All periods are covered. Papers, review articles, interviews, and short debate pieces are all sought. For additional information, including submission details and subscription rates, please contact Jonathan Carter, Journals Marketing Manager, SAGE Publications, 6 Bonhill St., London EC2A 4PU, U.K., fax +44 (0) 171 374-8741, email jonathan.carter@sagepub.co.uk.

The new Sweet Briar College Field School in Historical Archaeology will conduct two four-week digs at the Booker T. Washington National Monument in Franklin County, Va., and on the grounds of Sweet Briar College, led by Amber Moncure. During the first session (June 8-July 3), students will do a preliminary assessment of land on Sweet Briar's campus, which was formerly a working farm. The team will conduct an archaeological overview and assessment of the Washington site, under contract from the National Park Service, during the second session (July 6-31). The field school will expose its students to both method and theory of historical archaeology, offering participants the opportunity to conduct archaeological reconnaissance surveys, archaeological excavation, and laboratory processing of recovered artifacts. Students will not only learn the basic skills necessary for a professional archaeologist but will also gain knowledge of the history of plantation life within the Virginia Piedmont region. Field activities will be augmented by visits to historic sites in the region, lectures by prominent archaeologists and historians of the area, and seminar discussions of appropriate readings. Participants must pay a course tuition of $1,000 per four-week session to cover the cost of three credit hours, fieldwork expenses including equipment, and transportation to and from the sites and field trips. Room and board in the Sweet Briar College residence halls is $560 for four weeks. For additional information, please contact Dave Blount, (804) 381-6262, email dblount@sbc.edu.

The Arkansas Archeological Survey has announced a new web site on Archaeological Parks, located at www.uark.edu/misc/aras. Web information on many archaeological parks is difficult to find because the individual parks' web sites are often hidden within their agencies' larger web sites and may not be found by a search on the site names. The Archaeological Parks web site provides links to the web sites of parks throughout the United States, organized by region and state, with a focus on sites with a Native American association.

There's still time for students entering 7th through 10th grades to register for "Dig into the Past," an archaeology camp scheduled for July 20-24, 1998, at Penn State's University Park campus in State College, Pa. The camp will be held at Penn State's Matson Museum of Anthropology, which houses anthropological collections from all over the world. The week-long camp encourages exploration of the basic principles and methods of modern archaeological research through excavation of a local site, hands-on analysis of artifacts, and computer exercises. Educational and recreational opportunities will fill the evening agenda, such as films covering archaeological topics, a Native American outdoor activity, and swimming. Participants will probe for answers to questions such as: What is an archaeological site and how is it investigated? What does one do with artifacts once they are collected? What do archaeologists learn from pottery and stone tools; bones and genes? Camp fees are $515 for resident campers and $375 for day campers. The registration deadline is June 19, 1998. To request a camp brochure, call (800) 778-8632, or visit the camp's web site at www.outreach.psu.edu/C&I/ArchaeologyCamp/. For information about the camp, contact Claire Milner, Curator, Pennsylvania State University, 409 Carpenter Bldg., University Park, PA 16802-3404, (814) 865-2033 or 865-2509, email cmm8@psu.edu. For registration information, contact Roberta Moore, Conference Planner, Pennsylvania State University, 225 The Penn State Conference Center Hotel, University Park, PA 16802-7002, (814) 863-5120, email ConferenceInfo1@cde.psu.edu.

The H. John Heinz III Fund of the Heinz Family Foundation, Pittsburgh, Pa., supports a program of small grants for archaeological field research in Mexico, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean. Grants will be awarded annually for field projects aimed at determining the feasibility of a full-scale exploration and field projects that will carry to completion an important phase of a larger exploration. Applications must be from tax-exempt institutions sponsoring projects headed by an individual with a PhD or equivalent degree. Applications for dissertation research will not be considered. The maximum amount per grant will be $8,000; university overhead charges will not be paid. Four copies of the proposal must be received by November 15, 1998. Notification of awards will be made in late March or early April 1999. Questions on proposal requirements and researcher's obligations should be addressed to James B. Richardson III, Chairman, Section of Anthropology, Carnegie Museum of Natural History, O'Neil Research Center, 5800 Baum Blvd., Pittsburgh, PA 15206-3706, (412) 665-2601, fax (412) 665-2751, email jbr3+@pitt.edu. Completed proposals should be addressed to Rose Gibson, H. John Heinz III Fund of the Heinz Family Foundation, 32 CNG Tower, 625 Liberty Ave., Pittsburgh, PA 15219, (412) 497-5775.

The newly available Anthropological Index Online provides a service to scholars in all branches of anthropology and archaeology without charge, either through the web of by email. With the increasing number of periodicals in anthropology and archaeology, it is essential for researchers to use bibliographic reference works to gain access to the literature in their field. The library of the Department of Ethnography of the British Museum (Museum of Mankind) receives periodicals from academic institutions and publishers worldwide, covering all areas of cultural and social anthropology, ethnography and material culture from mainstream theoretical journals to specialist publications. The Anthropological Index covers articles in all languages, and provides English translations of citations from non-Roman scripts and from smaller languages. It has been made available in electronic format with support from the William Buller Fagg Charitable Trust and with the assistance of the Centre for Social Anthropology and Computing at the University of Kent, Canterbury. Access to the Anthropological Index Online is available by using a www browser to connect to lucy.ukc.ac.uk/AIO.html from where you can search the index and receive the results either online or as email messages sent to your address. Online help files and lists of journals indexed are also available. For those without web access we have recently enabled an email-only service. To do this messages must be sent to aio@lucy.ukc.ac.uk. Please note that this email is processed automatically and no human agent will read the messages and decide which are meaningful. For full instructions on its use, send the one word message "help" to the address above.

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