Society for American Archaeology:
64th Annual Business Meeting
President Vincas Steponaitis called the Society for American Archaeology's 64th Annual Business Meeting to order at 5:05 p.m. on March 26, 1999, in Chicago, Illinois. The president established that a quorum was present and requested a motion to approve the minutes of the 63rd Annual Business Meeting, held in Seattle on March 27, 1998 [these minutes were published in the SAA Bulletin, 16(3): 11]. It was so moved, seconded, and the minutes were approved.
President Steponaitis then delivered his report to the membership. He noted that registration at this meeting is 3,040, one of our largest meetings ever. He reported that our four-year plan to rebuild reserves has been very successful and is well ahead of schedule. He noted that for the long-term fiscal well-being of the Society we must increase our endowment and diversify our revenue sources. He reported on the status of SAA's core programspublic education, publications, government affairsand on several new awards and scholarships. He reported that the Register of Professional Archaeologists is growing and strongly encouraged SAA members to become Registered Professional Archaeologists.
Treasurer Jeffrey Altschul reported on the current financial status of the Society. He highlighted the dramatic accomplishments of the past year in reestablishing a strong level of long-term reserves and emphasized that long-term fiscal stability is critical to continued growth in programs of SAA and in member services.
Secretary Lynne Sebastian reported on the results of elections held by the Society since the previous business meeting: Paul Minnis was chosen as treasurer-elect; Kenneth Ames and Janet Levy were elected as members of the Board of Directors; and William Green and Mary Stiner were elected to the Nominating Committee. The secretary expressed her appreciation to the members of the Society for the opportunity to serve on the board and thanked the executive director and her staff for making her job as secretary a far easier one.
Executive Director Tobi Brimsek reported changes in the Society staff and highlighted the contributions of their programs during the previous year. She noted that SAA now has more than 6,500 members and has had a record year for advertising in our publications. She also noted that the Meetings Development Committee is requesting the views of all the members on ways to improve the meetings and make them more responsive to the needs of our members.
SAA Bulletin editor Mark Aldenderfer encouraged committees to take advantage of the Bulletin as a means of communicating information about their work to the membership. He thanked the contributors and the column editors who do so much work to make the Bulletin a success.
American Antiquity editor Lynne Goldstein reported an increase in both quality and number of submissions and thanked the contributors and reviewers.
Latin American Antiquity editors Gary Feinman and Linda Manzanilla reported that they are completing their terms and thanked their assistants and advisors and those who submitted and reviewed papers. They noted that there are good things ahead for Latin American Antiquity, with more pages in each issue and a new editor, Katharina Schreiber.
After these reports, the president welcomed the newly elected Board members and Nominating Committee members and thanked them for their willingness to serve the Society. He also expressed appreciation to the members who agreed to run for these positions but were not elected, and thanked the 1999 Nominating Committee, chaired by Robert Bettinger, for providing a fine slate of candidates.
The president also expressed the Society's appreciation to the Program Committee, chaired by LuAnn Wandsnider, the Local Advisory Committee headed by Winifred Creamer, and Workshop Coordinators Philip Arnold and Shannon Fie for organizing such an excellent meeting. He also noted the large amount of work accomplished over the past year by SAA's committees, noting that there are 40 active committees with more than 300 members.
The president then thanked retiring Board members C. Melvin Aikens and Donna Seifert and Secretary Lynne Sebastian for their service to the Society over the past three years, and finally expressed the Society's deepest appreciation to the executive director and her staff for their skill, professionalism, and hard work on behalf of the Society.
The president then recognized the outstanding achievements of members of the Society and supporters of archaeology by presenting the annual awards (p. 15).
The president next called for New Business; none was proposed.
The following Ceremonial Resolutions were then offered by Jon Muller, chair of the Ceremonial Resolutions Committee:
Resolutions of thanks to the outgoing officers, board members, and editors; to the staff of the Society; and to the program chair and others who assisted with the meeting;
A resolution of sympathy to the families of colleagues who passed away during the previous year; The membership stood and observed a moment of silence in their memory.
President Steponaitis then expressed his personal appreciation to the board members, editors, and committee chairs and members, and symbolically transferred the presidency to Keith Kintigh by giving him the gavel of the Society for American Archaeology.
President Kintigh thanked the outgoing editors and board members. He reviewed the many contributions that former president Vin Steponaitis has made to the Society and led the membership in an ovation of thanks. He concluded by reminding the members that the board works for the membership and encouraged them to contact him or any board member with concerns and ideas. He noted that he hopes to see all of the members at the 2000 Annual Meeting in Philadelphia.
The 64th Annual Business Meeting was adjourned at 6:24 p.m.
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I'd like to call to order the 64th Annual Business Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. I see that we have a quorum. I therefore would like to move to the next item on the agenda.
The minutes of the 63rd Annual Business Meeting, which was held last year in Seattle, were published in SAA Bulletin, 16 ( 3): 11. Do I hear a motion to approve these minutes? Do I hear a second? All in favor vote "aye."
I'd like to welcome you all to the 1999 Annual Meeting in Chicago, which, not surprisingly, has turned out to be a successful one. As of today, the registered attendance is 3,040, not quite as large as last year's meeting in Seattle, but one of our largest meetings nonetheless.
I'm also happy to report that SAA remains strongstronger, I believe, than it has ever been. Membership remains high, our core programs continue to operate effectively, our finances are sound, and many important initiatives keep moving forward. So let me begin by reviewing some of the past year's highlights.
You may recall that SAA endured some major deficits in fiscal years 1994 through 1996, which seriously depleted our reserves. In response to this trend, the board took a series of actions, beginning in FY1997, to turn our financial situation around. Belts were tightened, dues were raised, and new financial controls were put into place. The plan was to rebuild our reserves over a period of four years. I am pleased to report that our reserves are now back to where they were before the deficits hit. In other words, we have already achieved our initial goal of replenishing our former reserves in just two and a half years, which is a full 18 months ahead of the schedule we had set. Treasurer Jeff Altschul and Executive Director Tobi Brimsek deserve a great deal of credit for this feat, as do the rest of our board and staff for their hard work and fiscal austerity.
To say that we have recovered from our deficits, of course, does not mean that we can afford to be complacent about SAA's financial future. To ensure our health as an organization, the board has already taken the step of establishing a new, higher target for where our reserves should be. So, in coming years, we intend to keep saving in order to reach this target. If we are to keep dues at a reasonable level, while continuing to maintain the effectiveness of our core programs and membership services, we also have to find ways of building a more diverse and secure financial base.
As one element in this strategy, the board is exploring the feasibility of creating new sources of operating revenue, such as an expanded publications program.
Another element that is crucial to our future health is fund raising, both from our members and from external sources. The board has identified three priorities for fund development: (1) building SAA's endowment, (2) enhancing public education, and (3) increasing the Native American Scholarship Fund. Our Fund Raising Committee has already started laying the groundwork for effective development in these areas, and I strongly urge you to help ensure the future of our organization by giving to SAA. While on the subject of fund raising, I should point out that the Native American Scholarships Committee is once again holding a silent auction at this meeting. If you haven't done so already, I urge you to visit their booth in the exhibit hall. Last year's auction brought in more than $4,000 to the Native American Scholarship Fund, and my hope is that this year's auction will be even more successful. It's also worth noting that two new student awards have recently been established by SAA with private support from individual members. One is the Fred Plog Memorial Fellowship (the first of which will be awarded later tonight), and the second is the Dienje Kenyon Memorial Fellowship, which will support the research of women students in the early stages of their archaeological careers, and which we expect will be awarded for the first time next year.
Turning now to other matters, I can report that all of SAA's major programs are doing well:
This being the last meeting of the 1990sand, by the reckoning of those who place great importance on the year 2000, the last meeting of the millenniumI can't help but reflect on the past, particularly on the past 25 years . . . the blink of an eye in archaeological terms, but a time during which this organization has changed dramatically. It's worth taking a minute to look at these changes in order to marvel at how far we've come.
One major change has been a great increase in the number of our core activities. During the 1970s, SAA essentially had two major programs, the journal and the Annual Meeting. In the 1980s, the Government Affairs Program came into its own. And in the 1990s the Public Education Program was added, giving us our fourth major area of activity. Nor are these the only important things that SAA does. We now have some three dozen committees and task forces working on a variety of projectsa level of volunteer activity far greater than we've ever had in the past.
A second change has been an increase in administrative capacity and staff. During the 1970s our business affairscollecting dues, maintaining the membership list, and handling mailingswere managed by the American Anthropological Association. Since that time, we have established an independent front office in Washington, with a talented staff of nine people whose work is devoted purely to the benefit of our organization.
Third, over the past quarter century, our membership has grown substantially, from about 4,000 members in 1974 to about 6,500 today.
And fourth, our membership has diversified in the nature of archaeological employment. Whereas the vast majority of our members 25 years ago worked in academic settings, fewer than half our members work in such settings today. Accounting for the balance, of course, has been a tremendous growth in the consulting and government sectors of employment.
All these trends have made SAA a very different organization than it was in the 1970s. We've come a long way. But the key question is, where do we go from here? The board's activities over the past decade have been dominated by the mechanics and the aftereffects of our transition to an independent front office. Now that that transition is finally over, the board intends to spend time at this and subsequent meetings planning for the next decade. I cannot now predict the outcome of these planning efforts, but I urge all of our members to communicate with the board, to give us your ideas about how the Society can improve and what directions it should take. For it is the ideas, the energy, and the commitment of SAA's members that have made the Society what it is today.
Before I get to the awards, I'd like to add my personal welcome to the newly elected members of the Board and the Nominating Committee, and also to say a few words of thanks:
First, I'd sincerely like to thank the candidates who ran for office but were not elected. We all truly appreciate your willingness to step forward and serve.
Thanks also to the Nominating Committee, chaired by Robert Bettinger, for giving us such fine slates of candidates.
Thanks to the Program Committee chaired by LuAnn Wandsnider, the Local Advisory Committee headed by Winifred Creamer, and Workshop Coordinators Philip Arnold and Shannon Fie for putting together such an excellent meeting.
And thanks to the many people who chaired and served on other SAA committees this past year. You might be interested to know that SAA currently has some 40 active committees with more than 300 members in all. The volunteers on these committees contribute thousands of hours of effort each year, and SAA simply couldn't function without them.
I'd also like to recognize the three Board members who are stepping down after this Business Meeting: Secretary Lynne Sebastian, and Board members C. Melvin Aikens and Donna Seifert. All three did wonderful things for SAA during their terms and I greatly enjoyed working with all of them.
And last, but not least, I'd like to recognize the extraordinary group of people who staff our headquarters in Washington D.C., many of whom are here tonight. I've spent considerable time in Washington over the past three years, and I can tell you firsthand how hard they work. Their intelligence, skill, and dedication have played key roles in everything good that SAA has accomplished over the past year. And, on behalf of all the members, I'd like to express our deepest thanks.
As I end my term in office, I would simply like to reiterate what an honor and a pleasure it has been for me to serve this society as president. SAA is a truly remarkable organization, with an incredibly dedicated membership and a talented staff. I have particularly enjoyed working with my fellow board members, with the editors, and with the many committee chairs and membersall volunteers who do so much and make this society so effective. I will always treasure the experience, and will never forget the help and support I received from so many of you over the past three years.
It is also a great pleasure for me to now pass the gavel to my old friend and our very capable new president, Keith Kintigh.
Vincas P. Steponaitis
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I am pleased to report that the financial condition of SAA has improved dramatically over the past 18 months. In the period between July 1, 1997 and December 31, 1998, SAA witnessed a budget surplus of more than $200,000. The figure is impressive in its own right, but is truly staggering when measured against the projected budget surplus for this period of about $34,000.
The most pressing need facing SAA is replenishing our long-term reserves. The Board of Directors adopted a policy last fall holding that the Society's reserves should minimally be 30 percent of our operating budget. Currently, our operating budget is $1.1 million and so our long term reserves should be at least $330,000. One year ago, our reserves were perilously low, approximately $125,000. Today, our reserves are much healthier, soon to be about $240,000. We are well on the way to recovery.
Replenishing our long-term reserves does more than just provide security against short-term financial fluctuations and down turns. Our reserves provides the base from which we can take on new challenges. The board is considering new initiatives designed to provide our membership with benefits and programs that meet the changing needs and face of the archaeological community. Already, we can see some of the fruits of a more secure financial base. At the fall meeting, the board approved an increase to the length of Latin American Antiquity. Hardware purchases were made to solidify the Bulletin's position as a timely and important publication. Change involves risk; some of these risks are financial. Before racing ahead with new plans and programs, we must first remain dedicated to staying the course of replenishing our reserves.
Many people deserve credit for the financial performance of the Society over the last year: the executive director, SAA staff, and the Board of Directors. The bulk of the credit, however, lies with you, the membership. Your continued support of SAA through membership, attendance at the Annual Meeting, and fund raising has allowed us secure SAA's future. It is my hope that by the time I leave office next year, I can report to you that SAA's reserves have reached our long-term target. Then, after I step down, I can watch Paul spend it.
Jeffrey H. Altschul
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During the past year I have fulfilled the basic duties of the secretary of the Society, including preparing agendas for and taking minutes at meetings of the Board of Directors, taking minutes at the Annual Business Meeting, and overseeing the Society's elections. Minutes of the 64th Annual Business Meeting appear on page 9.
The results of this year's election of officers are as follows: Paul Minnis was chosen as treasurer-elect; Kenneth Ames and Janet Levy were elected as members of the Board of Directors; and William Green and Mary Stiner were elected to the Nominating Committee. On behalf of the Society, I would like to thank all those who agreed to stand for election.
I am leaving the board as of this business meeting. As I look back over these past three years, there are a number of important initiatives of the board that I am pleased to have been part of, but perhaps the one most important to me personally is the current effort to diversify the offerings at the Annual Meeting and make them more relevant to all constituencies within the Society. I encourage the new board and the Meetings Development Committee to continue thinking outside this particular box!
I want to thank the members of the Society for giving me this opportunity. I have very much enjoyed working with the Board and with the committees and task forces of the Society. And finally, a special thank you to Tobi Brimsek and her staff; their professionalism and cheerful helpfulness made the secretary's job a joy much more often than it was a chore.
Best of luck to incoming Secretary Barbara Little and President Keith Kintigh.
Good evening. In another few weeks, I will be celebrating the end of my third year with SAA. Each of these years was markedly different from the others. The first was a year of discovery and fiscal uncertainty and, in a sense, puzzles to be solved. The second was a year of recovery, renewal, and reality-based operations, while this last year is characterized by a re-growth, a strengthening, and a greater sense of fiscal security and opportunity. There is no question that the actions we have been taking are the building blocks for a stronger, more vital SAA as we prepare to enter the new millennium.
We are prepared to address the new millennium in a number of ways. Technologically speaking, we expect to be Y2K-compliant by early summer. Strategically speaking, the Board is revisiting the strategic plan priorities for the short-term. Operationally, staff are poised to address the Board's priorities. As SAA approaches its new challenges and opportunities, we will have a workable plan in place to guide us through the changing and perhaps turbulent waters.
Reflecting on this past year with staff, we were most struck by the transitions and successes we experienced. We welcomed Elizabeth Foxwell as our new manager, publications. Ireti Akinola joined us as our coordinator, member services, and our newest team member is Angela Guzman, coordinator, administrative services. There are nine of us committed to SAA and to you. We are all here in Chicago. I hope that you have the occasion to meet us if you haven't already.
Thinking about our successes immediately brings a number of accomplishments to mind. First, thanks to our membership, 1998 saw SAA swell to over 6,500 members. Rick Peterson, SAA's manager, membership and marketing, has just broken the record of the Seattle exhibit hall with that in Chicago, offering a wider-than-ever array of products and services. 1998 also was a record-setting year for advertising in American Antiquity, and the 1999 Annual Meeting program had a 19 percent increase in advertising over our previous record. Thank you to you, our members and to all of SAA's partners, advertisers, and exhibitors, who have made this happen.
The idea of partners raises the spectre of SAA's public education program. Newly initiated in this past year, with the assistance of Dorothy Krass, our manager, public education, is a project in partnership with the National Park Service, related to the public understanding of archaeology. I am sure that you will be hearing more about this in the coming months. Another highlight of the public education program is that this was the second year of the Native American teacher workshops presented as a result of the strong support of many Department of Interior agencies, with the Bureau of Reclamation leading the way.
Partnerships also relate directly to communication, a strong suit of SAA's manager, government affairs, Donald Craib. Since the first of this year, Donald has visited 33 offices of new members of Congress, continuing his solid tradition of enhancing SAA's influence and recognition on Capitol Hill, along with that within federal agencies. Donald spent last year working hard at broadening our network of contacts in the Washington arena.
Since Beth Foxwell's arrival, she has guaranteed the ontime delivery of the journals with a seemingly effortless transition from the previous manager. Despite the lack of a publications manager for several months, all publications were kept moving through production and on timeno small feat. Beth has also begun a series of enhancements to SAAweb with the development of a five-year compiled index for Latin American Antiquity and the past four years for American Antiquity.
And speaking of SAAweb, the manager, information services, Jim Young worked with Rick Peterson to mount job ads on the web. This is a new service that both will complement the Bulletin and fill the gap from June to August when the Bulletin is on hiatus. Many of the successes that Jim has had this year provide the foundation for quality member service upgrading online submissions forms to gather data more efficiently and to prepare for our eventual move toward the complete online submission; upgrading our internal local area network to prepare for the conversion to Y2K-compliant software this spring; and automating parts of the website to generate pages more swiftly for publication. In addition to these accomplishments, Jim has spent time training our new coordinators in our database systems, enabling them to maximize their own efficiencies in serving the SAA membership.
Another more behind-the-scenes teammate is Leon Bathini, manager, accounting services, who continues to make critical contributions to managing our financial systems.
As a staff, we are constantly considering change and development. Archaeology is, of course, about the past, but SAA as an organization must look ever to the future to meet your changing needs. We are putting technology to work for you. We are asking for your input through meeting evaluations and questionnaires about the meetings into the new millennium. I hope that you take the time to share your thoughts with the Meeting Development Committee. We are constantly looking to the future; in fact, the call for submissions for the Philadelphia meeting in 2000 will be in the mail on April 1. This is no April Fool's joke. We are planning for the first meeting in the new millennium and hope that you'll be in the City of Brotherly Love with us.
I am very pleased to stand before you once again to remark upon the state of the SAA Bulletin both in terms of the past as well as directions for its future.
Although we've not initiated any new features over the past year, we have made a consistent effort to bring to you the best and most timely information possible. I hope you've grown accustomed to our regular columns and features as well as other pieces on topics including hiring and gender in the field, departmental rankings, and debates over laws, regulations, and their interpretation.
One area that we have expanded upon considerably is our coverage of committee activity. As has been noted elsewhere, more than 300 members of SAA work on some committee or task force, and it is vital that the membership learn as much as possible about their activities. I encourage every committee chair to work with us to get the word out about your activities if you haven't already done so, and I'd like to thank those chairs who have worked with us so effectively over the past year.
I'm pleased to announce that Teresa Hoffman has become our associate editor for the Public Education Committee column. As most of you know, this is one of SAA's most important groups, and I'm happy that we can provide coverage of the multitude of activities its members routinely undertake. Also, Jane Eva Baxter is taking over editorial duties of the Student Affairs column with her appointment as chair of the committee.
I also think it appropriate at this forum to recognize the many people who make the SAA Bulletin what it is today. These people include Karen Doehner, my editorial assistant, associate editors Kurt Dongoske (Working Together), Kevin Pape (Insights), John Hoopes (Interfaces), the outgoing Student Affairs chair Caryn Berg, and our two associate editors for Latin AmericaEmily McClung de Tapia and Jose Luis Lanata. These folks are the one who do all the heavy lifting for the Bulletin, and I am grateful for their energy, insights, and perseverance.
Finally, I look forward to a new year of developments with the same energy with which I started my editorial tenure back in 1993. We will continue to serve the membership, and always, your comments, feedback, and ideas are most welcome.
My report this year is a short one. American Antiquity is on time, there is no longer a large manuscript backlog, all manuscripts are reviewed within 6090 days of our receipt of the manuscript (and published in less than a year from the time of acceptance), we publish manuscripts on a wide variety of archaeological topics representing many different theoretical views, and we have used well over 600 different reviewers. Equally important, the number of complaints has decreased.
Accomplishing these goals has required a lot of work by a lot of different people, but I would like to especially thank Carla Sinopoli (book review editor), Peter Cunningham (editorial assistant), and Elizabeth Foxwell (managing editor). In addition, the chair of the Publications Committee, Christopher Chippindale, has been extremely helpful and supportive. Finally, I am totally dependent and terribly grateful to all of the authors and all of the reviewers who work so hard to make American Antiquity the premiere journal of archaeology in the United States. If American Antiquity is a success, it is because of your good efforts.
Ordinarily, this would be my last meeting as editor, and a new editor would take over with the July 1999 issue. However, because the SAA board did not want both the editor of American Antiquity and the editor of Latin American Antiquity to change at the same time, I was asked to continue for an additional year. My last issue will therefore be April 2000.
When Bruce Smith served as secretary of the Society, he created the "stamp award," noting the member or members who made the most creative use of stamps on his or her ballot envelope. When I succeeded Bruce as secretary, I created the Bruce D. Smith Award for Philatelic Excellence in Ballot Preparation Delivery Systems, still commonly referred to as the "stamp award." The award was dropped a few years ago for various reasons, and many members lamented its demise. In 1997, I announced that, in my role as American Antiquity editor and by popular demand, I would reinstate the stamp award for best stamp display by a reviewer on a review envelope. We noted a number of awardees last year, but I am sorry to say that the entries this year were a disappointment. Roger Anyon, who consistently submits small but elegant tableaus, has now been inducted into the Stamp Hall of Fame.
We were disappointed with the entries this year, but, again by popular demand, will give the contest one more chance. We therefore look forward to receiving new entries. Members are encouraged to volunteer to be a reviewer for American Antiquity so you can enter the contest, as well as participate in creating an effective journal.
For the present, there have been two major and very positive events for the journal that have occurred over the last year. First, Katharina Schreiber (University of California-Santa Barabara) has agreed to take over as the next editor of Latin American Antiquity. Second, with the Society now on stronger economic footing, our request for 64 additional pages per year (16 per issue) has been metbeginning with Volume 10 (1999). So, all of you who are sitting on papers with important new data or theoretical ideas relevant to Latin America, now is the perfect time to send those manuscripts to Kathy.
Before we retire from this post, we would be remiss if we did not acknowledge the many people who assisted us tremendously over the last years. Our editorial assistants, Susan Kepecs and Linda Nicholas, were hard-working and ever insightful. We also wish to salute the valued help of the SAA managing editors, Elizabeth Foxwell and Janet Walker, as well as our book review editor, Marc Bermann, and all of the dedicated members of the journal's Editorial Board and Advisory Committee. We are especially grateful to all of the authors who submitted papers to Latin American Antiquity as well as the many scholars who graciously and conscientiously reviewed manuscripts during our term. Our job was made much easier and more enjoyable by what each of you gave to the journal. We thank you all.
Gary Feinman and
To those already expressed, I want to add my personal thanks to the outgoing editors and board members. They have done an excellent job and it has been a genuine pleasure to serve with them. Most of all, I want to thankand I know this will be music to his earsformer President
Steponaitis. Over the last 16 years, he has served not only as president, but as treasurer during a difficult period of transition for the Society, and as a board member. As a member of the Committee on Repatriation since its inception, he has devoted tremendous amounts of time and talent that have made an enormous difference. Vin leaves the Society in a strong financial and organizational position. His personal efforts to improve SAA's institutional memory will greatly benefit current and future boards. Vin has been a major force in initiating and revitalizing SAA's fundraising efforts. Under his presidential leadership, the board has greatly increased its effectiveness in accomplishing SAA's goals. On my own behalf, on behalf of the board and the membership, I would like to express profound gratitude to Vincas Steponaitis for his extraordinary service to SAA.
I am honored to begin my term as president. While SAA has accomplished much of which it can be proud, it is a healthy sign that we have never become complacent. Instead, our aspirations have grown and we continue to strive toward important new goals. I look forward to working with the board, editors, committees, membership, and with our superb professional staff to continue to improve SAA's strong programs and to move judiciously to advance the causes of Americanist archaeology. Remember that the board works for you.
Please, if you have concerns, if you have ideas, or if you would like to help SAA, contact me, other members of the board, or the SAA executive office.
I hope that your are enjoying this meeting as much as I. Our next Annual Meeting will be in Philadelphia, followed by meetings in New Orleans, Denver, and Milwaukee. Meeting planning for Philadelphia is already well underway and we are looking forward to an exciting meeting. I hope that I will see all of you there.
If there is no further business, I declare the Annual Business Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology adjourned. ·
SAA wishes to thank its generous sponsors, whose support made the Annual Meeting roundtable luncheons more accessible to attendees by cutting the cost more than 50 percent.
Anadarko Agency, Bureau of Indian Affairs
Archaeological Research, Inc.
Barbara J. Little and Paul A. Shackel
Department of Anthropology, Michigan State University
Department of Anthropology, University of Arizona
Department of Anthropology, University of California-Davis
Department of Anthropology, University of California-Santa Barbara
Department of Anthropology, University of New Mexico
Department of Anthropology, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
Department of Archaeology, University of Calgary
Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Loyola University-Chicago
Gray & Pape, Inc.
Harvard Archaeology Faculty
Indiana University of Pennsylvania Archaeological Services
John Milner Associates, Inc.
Midwest Archaeological Center, National Park Service
National Park Service
Research Labs of Archaeology, University of North Carolina
Royal Ontario Museum
Soil Systems, Inc.
Statistical Research, Inc./SRI Press
University of Chicago Anthropology Department
University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Department of Anthropology
University of Washington, Department of Anthropology
Washington State University, Department of Anthropology
SAA also wishes to thank the following sponsors, whose generous support made the Annual Meeting roundtable breakfasts more accessible to meeting attendees:
Archaeological Consulting Services, Inc., Tempe, Arizona
Desert Archaeology, Inc.
Department of Anthropology, University of Pennsylvania