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1999 SAA Award Recipients

The following awards were presented on March 26, 1999 by President Vincas P. Steponaitis
at the Society's Annual Business Meeting in Chicago, Illinois

Wyoming Archaeology Week Poster

First Place winner, Archaeology Week/Month Poster Contest


Missouri
Archaeology Week
Poster, detail

Second Place winner,
Archaeology Week/Month
Poster Contest

Maryland Archaeology
Week Poster, detail

Third Place winner,
Archaeology Week/ Month
Poster Contest

Presidential Recognition Awards

Jon S. Czaplicki

Over the past two decades, no problem facing archaeology has been more important, or more fraught with potential pitfalls, than that of relations with Native American communities. And no one has been more creative in tackling this problem than Jon S. Czaplicki. As chair of the Public Education Committee's Subcommittee for Native American Education, Czaplicki has already organized two archaeology workshops for Native American educators, "Teaching with Archaeology: Building Curriculum, Building Bridges." The first was held in 1997 at Haskell Indian Nations University in Lawrence, Kansas; the second was held in 1998 near Cherokee, North Carolina. Both were highly successful, and provide a model for what is likely to become an ever-growing avenue of communication and positive cooperation between archaeologists and Native peoples. For his extraordinary vision and leadership in organizing these workshops, I am proud to honor Jon Czaplicki with this award.

 

Gary Feinman and Linda Manzanilla

Editing a major journal is always a daunting task, but this is especially true in the case of a young journal like Latin American Antiquity. Over the last three years, Gary Feinman and Linda Manzanilla, building on the work of their predecessors, have done an extraordinary job of bringing this journal to maturity. They made the journal run on time, wrote the first Spanish style guide, and expanded the Board of Editors and Editorial Advisory Committee to good effect. As a result of their efforts, the rate of submissions, and the quality of the papers are at an all-time high. For their outstanding editorial leadership of Latin American Antiquity, I am pleased to present them with this award.

 

Susan J. Bender (not pictured) and George S. Smith

Few would deny that the future of archaeology rests on how well we train our students. And few have done more in recent years to ensure the future quality of this training than Susan Bender and George Smith. As cochairs of the Public Education Committee's Professional Involvement Subcommittee, in 1998 they organized a working conference on "Teaching Archaeology in the 21st Century." This conference brought together archaeologists from a variety of backgrounds who, over the space of a few days, articulated an exciting vision for the future of archaeological education. Subsequently, Bender and Smith agreed to chair SAA's newly formed Task Force on Curriculum, which has been extraordinarily active in carrying out the workshop's agenda. For their energy and vision in leading SAA's efforts to improve the teaching of archaeology, I am pleased to present Susan Bender and George Smith with this award.

 

Joe Watkins and Tristine Lee Smart

When it was first proposed in the late 1980s, SAA's Native American Scholarship program was a visionary idea, but such ideas are not always easy to put into practice. The fact that the program now exists owes a great deal to the hard work of Joe Watkins and Tristine Smart, chair and vice-chair, respectively, of the Native American Scholarships Committee. Watkins and Smart led the committee as guidelines were drafted, procedures were established, and the mechanisms for awarding the scholarships were put into place. Even more importantly, they took an active role in raising funds for these scholarships through silent auctions, private gifts, and grants from the National Science Foundation. The fact that four such scholarships have been awarded in the past year, and that many more will be awarded in the future, is a testament to their efforts. For their effective and energetic leadership of SAA's Native American Scholarships Committee, I am proud to honor Joe Watkins and Tristine Smart with this award.

 

Caryn Berg

Student members currently comprise about 30 percent of the Society, and no one has done more to ensure that SAA serves these members' needs than Caryn Berg. As chair of our Student Affairs Committee, she led the committee's successful efforts to organize symposia, provide student workshops, publish articles in the SAA Bulletin, and generally to facilitate communication among student members as well as between these members and the SAA Board. Few committees have been as active and as effective as the one that she chaired. For her energetic leadership of SAA's Student Affairs Committee, I am pleased to honor Caryn Berg with this award.

 

Judith A. Bense

Public policy is one of the most important areas of SAA's activity, and no member has put more energy into this area in recent years than Judith Bense, who chaired our Government Affairs Committee from 1994 through 1998. During her term, she reorganized the committee, re-energized the grass-roots Government Affairs Network, and lobbied tirelessly on behalf of issues important to the Society. Were it not for her efforts, archaeology would not have fared nearly as well as it did in the 104th and 105th Congressesamong the more challenging in recent memory for advocates of historic preservation. For her effective and energetic leadership of SAA's Government Affairs Committee, I am pleased to present Judith Bense with this award.

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Book Award

The SAA Book Award is given each year to the author of a book, published within the preceding three years, that has had or is expected to have a major impact on the direction and character of archaeological research. This year we have two winners.

Jon Muller

The first award goes to Jon Muller for Mississippian Political Economy, his masterful synthesis concerning the rise of Mississippian polities in the Southeastern United States. It presents a balanced and theoretically sophisticated argument that is an excellent and timely counterpoise to the recent outpouring of writings on high-level Mississippian power politics. It also contributes creatively and significantly to the general literature on chiefly societies. It is a work of mature scholarship with implications well beyond the Southeast that is certain to stimulate discussion and interest for some time to come.

 

Mark Lehner

Occasionally, an award will be made for outstanding contributions to the public understanding of archaeology. This year's second Book Award recognizes a superb example in this latter category: Mark Lehner's book, The Complete Pyramids. It is a beautifully produced and illustrated book about the Egyptian pyramids, their origins, their symbolism, and the whole Egyptian mortuary complex. It also includes a history of archaeological exploration. It is breathtaking in its scope and coverage with hundreds of drawings, maps, and illustrations, more than 80 in color. The book's popular appeal is further enhanced by a visitor's guide to the main Egyptian monuments.

 

Excellence in Ceramic Studies Award

Warren R. DeBoer
This year's recipient of SAA's Excellence in Ceramic Studies Award is Warren R. DeBoer, professor of anthropology at Queens College, City University of New York. Foremost among DeBoer's many achievements are his long-term ethnoarchaeological studies of the role of pottery in the lives of the Shipibo-Conibo of eastern Peru and, more recently, among the Chachi (Cayapas) of western Ecuador. His detailed ethnographic studies have provided archaeologists with a wealth of empirical data for investigating ancient pottery production, use life, function, depositional patterns, and style in archaeological contexts. This research has enabled archaeologists to develop detailed inferences about past pottery production, use, and discard, along with site-formation processes. DeBoer's broad and enduring impact on ceramic studies can be measured by the frequency with which his work is cited in contemporary, cutting-edge research. Almost every recent article on ceramic function, use life, or style refers to his research. Every recent comprehensive reference work on archaeological ceramics contains citations to his ethnographic and archaeological work on pottery. It is for his enduring achievements in ethnoarchaeological field research, the regional prehistories of lowland South America, and methodological innovations in ceramic analysis that SAA proudly presents Warren DeBoer with this award.

 

Crabtree Award

Gene L. Titmus
The recipient of the 1999 Crabtree Award is Gene L. Titmus of Jerome, Idaho. A self-taught master stone worker with 35 years of experience, Titmus's voluntary contributions to professional archaeology are prodigious, extending back to 1966 when he worked with Don Crabtree on replicating the Lindenmeier Folsom point. He has since devoted countless hours to public education, demonstrating and teaching flaked stone tool production, conducting stone tool analysis, and engaging in fieldwork. He has donated generous amounts of time to the Idaho Archaeological Society, serving as president of both a chapter and the state organization, and the Herrett Center for Arts and Science at the College of Southern Idaho, where he is currently a research associate. His demonstrations have extended throughout the west, to Mexico and France, and he counts several generations of academic knappers among his students. His lithic analyses include the replication of northern Great Basin fluted points, Mesoamerican prismatic blades, Mayan eccentrics, and Mayan cut limestone building blocks using stone tools. His research has discovered that Paleoindian points are ground and polished not only for hafting but also to strengthen them and that Paleoindians used red ocher not merely in ritual contexts but also as a polishing agent. His fieldwork has ranged from volunteer to laboratory supervisor to project codirector. Recently he has undertaken fieldwork at Nakbe, a Maya Preclassic site in northern Guatemala with Richard Hansen of UCLA. In addition to contributing to numerous conferences, he has published in several journals, including the Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology and the Idaho Archaeologist as well as books published by the University of New Mexico Press, Center for the Study of the First Americans, the Palenque Round Table Series, and the Precolombian Art Research Institute.

 

Cultural Resource Management Award

David G. Anderson
This year's award for Excellence in Cultural Resource Management goes to David G. Anderson, of the National Park Service's Southeast Archaeological Center. Since the 1970s, Anderson has conducted CRM work in the academic, government, and private sectors, all the while making substantial contributions to scholarship, as well as to the protection and best use of archaeological resources. His large number of publications have illustrated and utilized the vast knowledge he has gathered through CRM research in the Southeastern United States. His regional overviews, such as The Paleoindian and Early Archaic Southeast, The Archaeology of the Mid-Holocene Southeast, have provided a new understanding of chronology, environment, adaptation, and organization. The dedication shown by Anderson to the archaeology of the Southeast sets an excellent example for other researchers. His ability to see the research potential of CRM, as well as to interpret the results in a regional manner, has helped set a standard for CRM projects that has nationwide implications. For his lengthy and impressive career in CRM, we are proud to give him this award.

 

Dissertation Award

Karen G. Harry

The winner of the 1999 SAA Dissertation Award is Karen G. Harry, currently director of the Cultural Resources Program of the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. Her doctorate was awarded in December 1997 by the University of Arizona. The dissertation, "Ceramic Production, Distribution, and Consumption in Two Classic Period Hohokam Communities," was written under the direction of a committee chaired by Paul Fish. Harry's research is a theoretically and technically sophisticated investigation of Hohokam ceramic production, distribution, and consumption at the local level. The study focuses on exchange within the early Classic Period Robles and Marana communities in the northern Tucson Basin. Both communities are characterized by a hierarchy consisting of a central village surrounded by numerous smaller villages and hamlets in a variety of settings. The central villages contain public architecture in the form of platform mounds and have higher proportions of non-local and luxury goods that do other settlements. Harry used chemical and mineralogical analyses of large samples of these artifacts to investigate socioeconomic relationships at the community level. In so doing, she produced a dissertation of unusual quality that has contributed significantly to political-economic theory and to the methodology of ceramic sourcing on a local scale.

 

Fryxell Award

Henry P. Schwarcz
This year's Fryxell Award for Interdisciplinary Research in the physical sciences goes to Henry P. Schwarcz. Schwarcz earned his Ph.D. in geology from the California Institute of Technology and has taught geology at McMaster University in Ontario for most of his career. His first publications related to archaeology involved uranium series dating of travertine deposits in caves, but he became intrigued by the many fascinating issues and problems archaeologists deal with and began to devote much of his research effort to archaeological geology. He has published more than 100 articles on archaeological topics, involving sites in all parts of the world. Many deal with dating, especially in the crucial and difficult age range between radiocarbon dating and potassium argon dating, using the uranium series as well as electron spin resonance. He also has investigated a wide range of other topics of significance to archaeology, including paleoclimates, stable isotope geochemistry of human and animal bone, and isotopic analysis of food residues on ceramics. He has served as chair of the Archaeological Geology Division of the Geological Society of America and on the editorial boards of Journal of Archaeological Science, Journal of Human Evolution, and Geoarchaeology. He also is notable for his inspiration and support to junior researchers; 10 of his former graduate students are working as geoarchaeologists. For his extraordinary commitment to strengthening the intersection between archaeology and geology, the Society for American Archaeology is honored to present the 1999 Fryxell Award for Interdisciplinary Research in the physical sciences to Henry P. Schwarcz.

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Distinguished Service Award

James A. Brown

SAA takes great pleasure in presenting the 1999 Distinguished Service Award to James A. Brown, professor of anthropology at Northwestern University. James Brown's service to the Society and to the profession as a whole has been exceptional. He served on the Executive Committee of the Society from 1990 to 1993. He also has served as president of the Chicago Anthropological Society, president of the Illinois Archaeological Survey, secretary of the Center for American Archaeology, and chair of the Board of Directors of the Illinois State Museum. His contributions in fieldwork, theoretical writing, and teaching have been enormous. He directed excavations at, and published results from, the major sites of Koster, Mound City, and Fort Michilimackinac, as well as other sites in Illinois. In the course of these projects he contributed substantially to our current understanding of Archaic subsistence patterns, transition to sedentism, exchange systems, and changes in Native societies in response to European settlement. His contributions to theory are especially recognized in the area of mortuary analysis, but he has also greatly advanced study of other issues such as subsistence. His publications are extensive. In his role as teacher, Brown has educated a whole generation of North American archaeologists. His colleagues note especially that he encourages his students to participate actively in all aspects of the discipline. As a result, they also are becoming major contributors to the field. We are pleased to present this award to such a deserving colleague.

 

Arthur C. Parker Scholarship

Iwalani Ching

SAA's Native American Scholarship Fund was established in 1988, largely through the efforts of Robert Kelly and David Hurst Thomas. Now, 10 years later, the fund has finally grown to the point where the principal is large enough to support an annual scholarship. The scholarship is named in honor of SAA's first president, Arthur C. Parker, who was of Seneca ancestry. The goal of the scholarship is not to produce Native American archaeologists, but rather to provide training for Native Americans, so that they can take to their communities an understanding of archaeology, and also that they might show archaeologists better ways to integrate the goals of Native people and archaeology. The winner of this year's Arthur C. Parker Scholarship is Iwalani Ching, a Native Hawaiian attending Rutgers University who will use the scholarship to attend the Koobi Fora Field School.

I am happy to announce that since last year, SAA has been able to award six additional Native American Scholarships that have been made possible by support from the National Science Foundation, for which we are tremendously grateful. The three recipients in 1998 were:

  • Christopher Koonooka, from Gambell Village on St. Lawrence Island, who plans to attend the University of Washington Field School at the Tankinak Spring site in the Kodiak Archipelago.
  • Norrie L. Judd, a Native Hawaiian, who will attend the Collections Care and Maintenance Program at the University of Missouri-Kansas City.
  • Meredith Laine Vasta, a Turtle Mountain Chippewa, who will attend the Hunter College's Field School in Iceland.

And the three additional recipients for 1999, chosen at this meeting, are:

  • Lokelani H. Aipa, a Native Hawaiian, who plans to attend the University of Hawaii Field School.
  • Frank Mt. Pleasant, a Tuscarora-Seneca student who plans to attend the Fort Lewis College Field School.
  • Leslie Awong, a Native Hawaiian who will participate in the University of Hawaii's excavation of John Young's Homestead.

 

Fred Plog Memorial Fellowship

Sarah Herr

The Fred Plog Memorial Fellowship is presented in support of research to a graduate student who is ABD and writing a dissertation on the American Southwest. The award consists of a $1,000 stipend, and will be presented annually over a period of at least 10 years. I should point out that this fellowship was made possible by the generosity of Fred Plog's family and friends, and it is a fitting tribute to an archaeologist who not only contributed greatly to Southwestern research, but also was an inspiring teacher. I am pleased to announce that the winner of the first Fred Plog Memorial Fellowship is of the University of Arizona. The fellowship will support her innovative dissertation research on the relationships among mobility, migration, and sociopolitical organization in a frontier area along the Mogollon Rim in Arizona. Herr's research focuses on the 11th and 12th centuries and will examine relationships among households and communities at a regional scale. The study will utilize new data collected by the Silver Creek Archaeological Research Project, as well as information from earlier excavations by William Longacre at Carter Ranch Pueblo and Emil Haury at Tla Kii Pueblo. Results from Herr's research will have important implications for current models that emphasize migration and integration.

New SAA Officer and Board Members

Paul Minnis
Treasurer-elect

Janet Levy
Board member

Kenneth Ames
Board member

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Ceremonial Resolutions

The Resolutions Committee offers the following resolutions:

Be it resolved that the appreciation and congratulations on a job well done be tendered to the retiring officers

Vincas Steponaitis
Lynne Sebastian

and the retiring board members

C. Melvin Aikens
Donna J. Seifert

and the retiring editors of Latin American Antiquity

Gary Feinman
Linda Manzanilla

and others who have served the Society on its committees and in other ways;

To the staff, and especially Tobi A. Brimsek, the executive director, who planned the meeting, and to all the volunteers who worked at registration and other tasks;

To the Program Committee, chaired by

LuAnn Wandsnider

and to the committee members

Effie F. Athanassopoulos
Laurence E Bartram Jr.
Elizabeth Chilton
Stephen R. Durand
Dorothy Lippert
Kathleen D. Morrison
John D. Richards
Lauren Sullivan
Patrice Teltser
Stanley Van Dyke
Karen Wise

and the Annual Meeting workshop coordinators

Philip J. Arnold III
Shannon Fie

and to the Annual Local Advisory Committee, chaired by

Winifred Creamer

and be it further resolved that thanks again be given to those who inform us of the deaths of colleagues, and finally, a resolution of sympathy to the families and friends of

James Anderson
Charles J. Bareis
Darlena Blucher
Robert T. Bray
Patricia Bridges
John Cotter
Hugh Carson Cutler
Edward Mott Davis
Gene Carl (Pinky) Harrington
Amy Harvey
George Haseman
Alden C. Hayes
William D. Hohenthal
Dienje Kenyon
Col. William Koob
Floyd Glen Lounsbury
Clara Hall Millon
Sabatino Moscati
Linda Schiele
Xiang-Qing Shao
Viva Spier
Ian M. (Sandy) Thompson
Hernan Julio Vidal
Denis Williams
Eric Wolf

The members rose for a moment of silence in honor of our departed colleagues.

Jon Muller

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2000 Call for Nominations

The 2000 Nominating Committee requests nominations for the following SAA positions:

If SAA is to have effective officers and a representative Board, the membership must be involved in the nomination of candidates. Members are urged to submit nominations and, if desired, to discuss possible candidates with the 2000 Nominating Committee: Chair William D. Lipe, Beverly Mitchum Chiarulli, William Green, Julie Stein, and Mary Stiner.

Please send all nominations in writing, along with contact information for both nominator and nominee, no later than September 2, 1999, to:

Chair, 2000 Nominating Committee
c/o SAA, Executive Director
900 Second St. NE, #12
Washington, DC 20002-3557
tel: (202) 789-8200,
fax: (202) 789-0284
email: tobi_brimsek@saa.org

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